Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vi

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Data Types & Measurement Scales 2

Chapter 2: Frequency Distributions 22

Chapter 3: Cross Tabs and Sampling 50

Chapter 4: Normal Distributions, Z-Scores, and Confidence Intervals 69

Chapter 5: Cumulative Distribution Functions and Probability 94

Chapter 6: Student’s t-Test for Numerical Measurements 113

Chapter 7: ANOVA /F-Tests 137

Chapter 8: Chi-Square and Nominal Data 152

Chapter 9: Regression Analysis 165

Chapter 10: Hypothesis Tests 182